A white nationalist rally that turned violent in Charlottesville, Va., on Aug. 12 brought renewed attention to dozens of Confederate monuments around the country. Many government officials, including Representative Nancy Pelosi of California, the House Democratic leader, have called to remove statues, markers and other monuments that celebrate controversial Civil War era figures from public grounds. There are likely hundreds of such monuments in the United States.

Annapolis, Md.

Roger B. Taney statue removed

A statue of Roger Taney was taken down from its post in front of the State House at about 2 a.m. on Aug. 18. Gov. Larry Hogan, a Republican, called for its removal earlier this week, reversing a previously stated position that removing symbols like the statue would be tantamout to political correctness. Though not a Confederate official, Justice Taney was the chief author of the 1857 Dred Scott decision, which ruled that African-Americans, both enslaved and free, could not be American citizens.


Eric Baradat/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

Austin, Tex.

University removes Confederate statues

Statues of two Confederate generals, Robert E. Lee and Albert Sidney Johnston, and the Confederate cabinet member John Reagan, were removed on Aug. 21. They followed the removal of a statue of Jefferson Davis in 2015.


Eric Gay/Associated Press


Four monuments removed

The mayor of Baltimore, Catherine Pugh, ordered the removal of four monuments to the era of the Confederacy, saying it was in the interest of public safety after the violence in Charlottesville. The statues were taken down before dawn on Aug. 16.


Denise Sanders/The Baltimore Sun, via Associated Press


Two plaques honoring Robert E. Lee removed

A plaque honoring a tree planted in Brooklyn in the 1840s by Robert E. Lee was removed on Aug. 16. The tree is next to a closed Episcopal church, and diocesan officials said they received multiple threats after the plaque was taken down. Another plaque was also removed.


Bebeto Matthews/Associated Press

Durham, N.C.

Confederate soldier monument toppled by protesters

Protesters pulled down a statue of a Confederate soldier in front of the Durham County Courthouse in Durham, N.C., on Aug. 14. The statue, which had stood since 1924, was protected by a special law. On Aug. 19, Duke University removed a Robert E. Lee statue from Duke Chapel.

Gainesville, Fla.

Monument to Confederate soldiers removed

A local chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy paid for the Aug. 14 removal of a monument to Confederate soldiers that stood in front of Alachua County Administration Building in downtown Gainesville for 113 years. The monument, known locally as “Old Joe,” was moved to a private cemetery outside the city, according to The Gainesville Sun.


Andrea Cornejo/The Gainesville Sun

New Orleans

Four monuments removed

New Orleans removed four monuments dedicated to the Confederacy and opponents of Reconstruction in April. City workers who took them down wore flak jackets, helmets and masks and were guarded by police because of concerns about their safety.


Gerald Herbert/Associated Press


Confederate monument covered as state weighs options

A Confederate monument on Georges Island in Boston Harbor has been covered up as the state decides what to do about it. Governor Charlie Baker, a Republican, said in June that “we should refrain from the display of symbols, especially in our public parks, that do not support liberty and equality.”


Nicholas Pfosi for The Boston Globe

Charlottesville, Va.

Proposal to remove monument to Gen. Robert E. Lee

Violence erupted on Aug. 12 at a far-right protest against the proposed removal of a statue of Robert E. Lee, a Confederate general, from Emancipation Park in Charlottesville, Va. Thirty-four people were injured in clashes and one person was killed when a Nazi sympathizer plowed his car into a crowd of counter-protesters, the authorities said. The statue has not been removed.


Matt Eich for The New York Times

Jacksonville, Fla.

Proposal to remove multiple Confederate monuments

The president of Jacksonville City Council, Anna Lopez Brosche, called for all Confederate monuments to be moved from city property to a museum. The most prominent Confederate memorial in Jacksonville is a statue of a Confederate soldier that sits atop a towering pillar in Hemming Park.


Bob Self/Florida Times-Union

Lexington, Ky.

Two Confederate monuments slated for relocation

On Aug. 17, the City Council in Lexington, Ky., approved a proposal to remove two Confederate statues from the city’s historic courthouse. The mayor, Jim Gray, has 30 days to propose a new location for the statues, whose removal must be approved by the Kentucky Military Heritage Commission.


Bryan Woolston/Reuters


Statue of Nathan Bedford Forrest considered for removal

The City of Memphis is seeking to remove a statue of Nathan Bedford Forrest, a Confederate general, from a city park, but needs approval from a state agency.


Andrea Morales for The New York Times


Protests over Nathan Bedford Forrest bust in the state Capitol

Gov. Bill Haslam, a Republican, said Aug. 14 that Forrest, who has a bust in the state capitol, “should not be one of the individuals we honor at the capitol,” but a 2016 law made it difficult to remove state monuments. Mr. Haslam urged action from the commissions charged with considering such removals.


Mark Humphrey/Associated Press

Richmond, Va.

Mayor directed a commission to consider removing Confederate statues from Monument Avenue

Mayor Levar M. Stoney says he believes the towering Confederate statues on Monument Avenue, considered by some to be the historic backbone of Richmond, the former capitol of the Confederacy, should be removed. Mayor Stoney had said as recently as Aug. 14 that he believed the statues should stay up with added context, but changed course two days later and directed a previously formed commission to consider removing all or some of them.


Steve Helber/Associated Press

San Antonio

Proposal to relocate monument to Confederate soldiers

Before the violence in Charlottesville, some city councilors had already been pushing for the removal of a statue of a Confederate solider in Travis Park. Demonstrators on both sides of the issue clashed on Aug. 12.


Carolyn Van Houten/San Antonio Express-News

Stone Mountain, Ga.

Calls to remove faces of three Confederate generals in stone carving

Stacey Abrams, a Democratic candidate for governor, called for the removal of the reliefs of Robert E. Lee, Jefferson Davis and Stonewall Jackson carved 400 feet above the ground on the side of Stone Mountain. The carving is protected by law.


John Bazemore/Associated Press

Tampa, Fla.

Confederate statue considered for removal

A Confederate monument in Tampa will only be removed if enough private money is raised, Hillsborough County Commissioners decided on Aug. 16. On Thursday, Tampa’s three major sports teams said they would help pay for the monument’s removal.


Chris O’Meara/Associated Press

The Bronx

Plans to remove busts of Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson

The president of Bronx Community College, Thomas A. Isekenegbe, said the school would remove the busts of Stonewall Jackson and Robert E. Lee from its Hall of Fame for Great Americans.


Drew Angerer/Getty Images

Washington, D.C.

Proposal to remove Confederate statues from U.S. Capitol building, park

Senator Cory Booker of New Jersey tweeted late Aug. 16 that he plans on introducing a bill to remove Confederate statues from the U.S. Capitol building. On Aug. 17, Representative Nancy Pelosi of California, the House Democratic leader, called for the removal of the statues, describing them as “reprehensible.” There are at least 12 Confederate statues in the National Statuary Hall Collection of the Capitol building. D.C. officials have called on the National Park Service to remove a statute of Albert Pike, a Confederate general, from a park.


Doug Mills/The New York Times

More removed monuments

Ellicott City, Md. » Confederate memorial removed

Late Monday night, Howard County officials removed a Confederate memorial that had stood outside of a courthouse in Ellicott City, Md. “The more appropriate place for the memorial is in a museum,” said Alan H. Kittleman, the county executive, in a post on Facebook.

Franklin, Ohio » Robert E. Lee monument removed

City officials in Franklin, Ohio, said Aug. 17 that they had removed a marker for Robert E. Lee overnight. Anti-racism activists had announced plans for a demonstration at the monument later this week.

Kansas City » Confederate monument removed

The memorial to Confederate women, a 1934 gift by the United Daughters of the Confederacy, was defaced by graffiti on Aug. 18 and boxed up two days later in preparation for its removal. The monument was removed on Aug. 25.

Los Angeles » Marker for Confederate veterans removed

A once-obscure Confederate monument in the Hollywood Forever Cemetery was taken down Aug. 15 after the cemetery’s owners heard numerous requests for its removal.

Louisville, Ky. » Statue of Confederate soldier moved in Nov. 2016

A Confederate statue was removed from Louisville, Ky., last November, and relocated to Brandenburg, Ky. A dedication ceremony in Brandenburg was attended by hundreds of people.

Orlando » Statue of Confederate soldier moved from a public park to a cemetery in June

Officials removed a Confederate statue known as “Johnny Reb” from Lake Eola Park in June, with the intention of moving it to a cemetery. While moving it, they found a time capsule with contents including Confederate money.

San Diego » Plaque honoring Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederacy, removed

The plaque at Horton Plaza Park was removed on Aug. 16. “Monuments to bigotry have no place in San Diego or anywhere!” City Councilor Christopher Ward wrote on Twitter.

St. Louis » Confederate Memorial removed from public park in June

A little-known Confederate monument was removed from Forest Park earlier this summer after a campaign by vocal activists.

St. Petersburg, Fla. » Plaque honoring Stonewall Jackson removed

A marker honoring the Stonewall Jackson Memorial Highway was taken away on Aug. 15 by city officials who said they did not want it to become a “flashpoint in this national debate.”

Bradenton, Fla. » Confederate memorial’s spire broken during removal
Daytona Beach, Fla. » Mayor removed three Confederate plaques from park
Frederick, Md. » Roger B. Taney statue removed from City Hall
Helena, Mont. » Confederate memorial removed from a city park
Madison, Wis. » Confederate plaque removed from cemetery
Montreal (Canada) » Plaque honoring Jefferson Davis removed
Rockville, Md. » Confederate statue moved from courthouse
Worthington, Ohio » Marker of Confederate general’s birthplace removed

More proposed removals

Chapel Hill, N.C. » Mayor called for removal of ‘Silent Sam’ statue from campus

Governor Roy Cooper gave the University of North Carolina permission to remove the statue if “University leaders believe there is real risk to public safety.”

Portsmouth, Va. » Mayor called for city’s Confederate monument to be moved

Mayor John Rowe said the Confederate monument in Portsmouth, which includes statues and an obelisk, should be moved to a cemetery from its spot on High Street. A protest of the monument was planned there on Aug. 17.

Alexandria, Va. » City council voted in 2016 to move Confederate statue
Birmingham, Ala. » City covered part of monument while looking at options for removal
Dallas » Multiple monuments under consideration for removal
Frankfort, Ky. » Some Republicans called for statue of Jefferson Davis to be removed
Indianapolis » Official called for removal of Confederate monument from park
Norfolk, Va. » Mayor asked city council to discuss removing Confederate monument
Pensacola, Fla. » Calls to remove Confederate statue from a city square
Seattle » Mayor called for removal of Confederate monument and Lenin statue