Recent genetic and anthropological studies have concluded that the people known as white Europeans today are not the original inhabitants of Europe. However, this has been documented historically at least since the 19th century.
A common assumption is that ancient Greeks were an ethnically homogeneous population. Black Athena author Martin Bernal challenged this view in his three-volume work arguing the tidal wave of racist ideology that swept over northern Europe at the end of the 18th century and onward, led to to a denial of the strong African and Semetic influence on Greek civilization.
Bernal rejected what he called the “Aryan model,” the idea that Greek civilization was founded by Indo-European settlers from Central Europe. The theory, argued Bernal, became generally accepted during the 19th century. He instead agreed with what he called the “Ancient model;” referring to the fact that both Egyptian and Phoenician influences on the Greek world were widely accepted in Antiquity.
Historian Clyde Winters argues that Blacks in ancient Greece were not just slaves, but rather the true founders of Grecian civilization. He concluded there is no way it can be proven that Indo-European Greeks have always been in Greece and numerous archaeologist have found abundant evidence of Egyptians settled in Greece long before the coming of the Indo-European-Aryans to Anatolia.
A 2001 genetic study out of the Universidad Complutense in Madrid also concluded that modern Greeks had African origins and were genetically closer to Ethiopian/sub-Saharan groups than to any other Mediterranean groups such as Macedonians, Iberians (including Basques), North Africans, Italians, French, Cretans, Jews, Lebanese, Turks (Anatolians), Armenians and Iranians.
Despite its proximity to Africa and the Middle East, along with all the existing archaeological and genetic evidence, Hollywood has refused to acknowledge that ancient Rome was a melting pot. In fact, before being sacked by the invading Slavic and Germanic tribes from Northern Europe, the original inhabitants were a dark-skinned people called the Etruscans.
Even after the Nordic invasion, Blacks were not systematically restricted to the lower classes of Roman society. On the contrary, some became emperors, writers, philosophers, entertainers, generals and popes.
African-born Roman Emperor Septimius Severus began ruling the Roman Empire around 193 A.D. There were at least four other Black emperors after him. Lusius Quietus, originally born a Berber prince, was one of Rome’s greatest African generals.
Upon re-examining an ancient Roman skeleton buried in a stone sarcophagus with luxury imports including jewelry made of elephant ivory, a mirror and a blue glass perfume jar, archaeologists determined that one of the richest inhabitants of fourth century Roman York was a woman of Black African ancestry, according to a February 2010 article in The Guardian.
The people known to the Greeks as the Phoenicians originated in modern-day Lebanon and are responsible for almost all modern alphabets today.
This great seafaring civilization, which established colonies throughout the whole Mediterranean region and even into Northern Europe, created numerous inscriptions and written records that unfortunately did not survive. The little that is known about them comes from the people they came in contact with.
Both European and Arabic scholars have labeled them as Indo-European or Semetic, but the Phoenicians referred to themselves as Canaanite, the same people spoken of in the Bible. Greek writer Diogenes Laertus in his biography of philosophers, Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers, describes the Phoenicians as, “tall gaunt and black.”
Egyptian culture developed alongside Canaan for thousands of years. This is clearly evident in artifacts known as the “Classical Phoenician scarabs,” which were made in Phoenicia in the period of the Achaemenid Persian empire, from the later sixth century to the mid-fourth century B.C.
Most of the 1,500 examples known have been found in the west Phoenician (Punic) cemeteries of Carthage, Sardinia and Ibiza (Spain), but there are many also from the east Mediterranean. They served as jewelry, as offerings in tombs and sanctuaries, and for their primary function of sealing. Many were given precious metal mounts.
A glance at a few of them in the images above gives clear indication of what the Phoenicians thought about themselves.
The people of the British Isles historically were never all white. Recent archaeological finds have determined that a Black presence can be found in the British Isles as far back as prehistoric times.
In September 2013, bones found in a river by two English teens were determined by forensic anthropologists to be the remains of a Sub-Saharan African woman who lived between 896 A.D. and 1025 A.D.
In his work Ancient and Modern Britons: a Retrospect, Vol. 3, David MacRitchie wrote, “We know that the first inhabitants of Britain and more especially those of the northern parts, were craniologically of a type approaching to the Negro or the Australian race.”
Charles Squire, author of Mythology of the Celtic People and Celtic Myth and Legend, argued that one of the two races that occupied Britain were indigenous to the land and could be described as “short, swarthy, dark-haired, dark-eyed, and long-skulled.”
“Its language belonged to the class called ‘Hamitic’,” he continued.
An African king named Gormund ruled Ireland during the Anglo-Saxon period in England, reports the medieval historian Geoffrey of Monmouth.
According to Ivan Van Sertima, author of African Presence in Early Europe, in the second century A.D., the Roman historian Pliny described the Britons complexions as “Ethiopian.” The Roman historian Tacitus in his biography of Agricola described the Silures, an ancient British tribe, as having a dark complexion and curly hair. J.A. Rogers believed they were very likely of Phoenician or Egyptian descent.
The Picts are acknowledged as the earliest inhabitants of Scotland. MacRitchie called the Picts “Moors” and states that it was clear that the Silures were the same as the Picts.
Germany was by no means an exception in terms of an ancient Black presence. There have been settlements of African people in that region from as far back as the Old Stone Age.
Black legions invaded Germany with Julius Caesar, and MacRitchie stated that certain Danish tribes in northwestern Germany were “like the Moors, black.”
In the 1940s, Joel Augustus Rogers found the coats-of-arms of many prominent German families bearing the head or body of a Moor, indicating a Black progenitor.
Anyone traveling in Coburg, Germany, will encounter the Coburg Moor, who is on the city arms and is the patron saint of the city. Believed to be the image of Saint Mauritius from Egypt, the oldest impression of the city seal dates back to the year 1521.
Colchis is an ancient region at the eastern end of the Black Sea, south of the Caucasus, in the western part of modern-day Georgia.
Historically, Colchis was colonized by Milesian Greeks to whom the native Colchians supplied gold, slaves, hides, linen cloth, agricultural produce and such ship-building materials as timber, flax, pitch and wax.
After the sixth century B.C. it became a vassal state of Achaemenid Persia, annexed into the kingdom of Mithradates VI in the first century B.C. and, then, fell under the rule of Rome.
The Greek historian Herodotus noted that the ethnic composition of the Colchians was similar to that of Black Egyptians. In the late fourth century A.D., church fathers Sophronius and St. Jerome referred to Colchis as a “second Ethiopia” because of its large Black population.
According to The Adventures of the Twelve Apostles by L. A. Murray, “St. Matthias was one of five Apostles to have led a mission to Armenia.” Murray adds: “The lands to which Matthias sailed are now called Adygey, Abkhazia, Adzhar Karachay, Ossetia and Georgia but some ancients then called that region Ethiopia, others called it Albania, and some called it Iberia.”
As Murray notes: “Ancient Armenia was a large country stretching from mid-Turkey to Persia up to the top of the Caspian Sea.”